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September 18, 2008 / vivator

Cheltenham or Mommsen list

Cheltenham or Mommsen list, dated to around 4th century AD, is list of Old and New Testament books discovered by Theodor Mommsen in Phillips collection at Cheltenham in 1885.  Theodor Mommsen was classical historian (1817 – 1903) and recipient of 1902 Nobel prize in literature.

Old Testament

New Testament

Genesis

Exodus

Numbers

Leviticus

Deuteronomy

Joshua

Judges

Ruth

1 Kings

2 Kings

3 Kings

4 Kings

Chronicles (2 books)

Maccabees (2 books)

Job

Tobit

Esther

Judith

Psalms (151 chapters)

Books of Solomon

Isaiah

Jeremiah

Daniel

Ezekiel

Twelve Minor prophets

Matthew

Mark

John

Luke

13 Epistles of Paul

Acts of the Apostles

Revelation

3 Epistles of John – one only

2 Epistles of Peter – one only

The Old Testament list lacks Ezra and Nehemiah – it has two books of Maccabees, Tobit, Judith and Psalms with 151 chapters.  Books of Solomon most likely comprise Proverbs, Song of Songs and perhaps, Wisdom.  Lamentations might be combined with Jeremiah.  The four books of Kings are Septuagint designation of Samuel and Kings.

The New Testament list have four Gospels, thirteen Paul’s epistles, Acts, Revelation, 3 epistles of John and 2 epistles of Peter.  Missing are James, Jude and Hebrews and Latin phrase “una sola” or “one only” appears after listing epistles of John and Peter. It seems the (unknown) author of the list, though listed three epistles of John and two epistles of Peter, accepted only 1 John and 1 Peter.

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